What is hydrocodone?

Hydrocodone is an opioid pain medication. An opioid is sometimes called a narcotic.

Zohydro ER and Hysingla ER are extended-release forms of hydrocodone that are used for around-the-clock treatment of severe pain. Extended-release hydrocodone is not for use on an as-needed basis for pain.

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Important information

Hydrocodone can slow or stop your breathing. Never use this medicine in larger amounts, or for longer than prescribed. Do not crush, break, or open an extended-release pill. Swallow it whole to avoid exposure to a potentially fatal dose. Hydrocodone may be habit-forming, even at regular doses. Never share this medicine with another person, especially someone with a history of drug abuse or addiction. Keep the medication in a place where others cannot get to it.

MISUSE OF NARCOTIC MEDICATION CAN CAUSE ADDICTION, OVERDOSE, OR DEATH, especially in a child or other person using the medicine without a prescription.

You should not use this medicine if you have severe asthma or breathing problems, or a blockage in your stomach or intestines.

Tell your doctor if you are pregnant. Hydrocodone may cause life-threatening withdrawal symptoms in a newborn if the mother has taken this medicine during pregnancy.

Do not drink alcohol. Dangerous side effects or death could occur when alcohol is combined with this medicine.

Before taking this medicine

You should not use hydrocodone if you are allergic to it, or if you have:

  • severe asthma or breathing problems; or
  • a blockage in your stomach or intestines.

Hydrocodone may be habit forming. Never share this medicine with another person, especially someone with a history of drug abuse or addiction. Keep the medication in a place where others cannot get to it. Selling or giving away hydrocodone is against the law.

Some medicines can interact with hydrocodone and cause a serious condition called serotonin syndrome. Be sure your doctor knows if you also take stimulant medicine, herbal products, or medicine for depression, mental illness, Parkinson’s disease, migraine headaches, serious infections, or prevention of nausea and vomiting. Ask your doctor before making any changes in how or when you take your medications.

To make sure this medicine is safe for you, tell your doctor if you have ever had:

  • any type of breathing problem or lung disease;
  • a head injury, brain tumor, or seizures;
  • drug or alcohol addiction, or mental illness;
  • urination problems;
  • liver or kidney disease;
  • a heart rhythm disorder called long QT syndrome;
  • problems with your gallbladder, pancreas, or thyroid; or
  • if you use a sedative like Valium (diazepam, alprazolam, lorazepam, Ativan, Klonopin, Restoril, Tranxene, Versed, Xanax, and others).

Hydrocodone is more likely to cause breathing problems in older adults and people who are severely ill, malnourished, or otherwise debilitated.

If you use hydrocodone while you are pregnant, your baby could become dependent on the drug. This can cause life-threatening withdrawal symptoms in the baby after it is born. Babies born dependent on habit-forming medicine may need medical treatment for several weeks. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant.

Do not breast-feed while you are using this medicine. Hydrocodone can pass into breast milk and cause drowsiness, breathing problems, or death in a nursing baby,

Reference site https://www.drugs.com/hydrocodone.html

For the Consumer

Applies to hydrocodone: oral capsule extended release, oral liquid, oral syrup, oral tablet, oral tablet extended release

Along with its needed effects, hydrocodone may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.

Check with your doctor immediatelyif any of the following side effects occur while taking hydrocodone:

Less common

  • Bloating or swelling of the face, arms, hands, lower legs, or feet
  • body aches or pain
  • chills
  • cough
  • depression
  • difficult or labored breathing
  • ear congestion
  • fear or nervousness
  • fever
  • headache
  • loss of voice
  • nasal congestion
  • rapid weight gain
  • runny nose
  • sneezing
  • sore throat
  • tightness in the chest
  • tingling of the hands or feet
  • unusual tiredness or weakness
  • unusual weight gain or loss

Get emergency help immediately if any of the following symptoms of overdose occur while taking hydrocodone:

Symptoms of overdose

  • Blue lips and fingernails
  • blurred vision
  • change in consciousness
  • chest pain or discomfort
  • cold and clammy skin
  • confusion
  • constricted pupil (black part of the eye)
  • coughing that sometimes produces a pink frothy sputum
  • decreased awareness or responsiveness
  • dizziness, faintness, or lightheadedness when getting up suddenly from a lying or sitting position
  • increased sweating
  • irregular, fast or slow, or shallow breathing
  • lightheadedness, dizziness, or fainting
  • pale skin
  • sleepiness or unusual drowsiness
  • slow or irregular heartbeat
  • weak muscle tone

Some side effects of hydrocodone may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:

More common

  • Difficulty having a bowel movement (stool)
  • nausea

Less common

  • Abdominal or stomach pain or discomfort
  • back pain
  • bladder pain
  • bloody or cloudy urine
  • difficult, burning, or painful urination
  • dry mouth
  • frequent urge to urinate
  • heartburn
  • itching skin
  • lower back or side pain
  • muscle spasms
  • vomiting

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